- Type of Covid-19
In early 2020, a new virus started making headlines around the world due to the unprecedented speed of its transmission.
From its origins in the food market in Wuhan, China, in December 2019 to the United States and the Philippines, the virus (officially called SARS – CoV-2) has affected tens of thousands of people, the death toll now being greater than 4000.
A disease caused by SARS infection is called CoV-2 COVID-19, which means coronavirus 19.
Despite global panic in the news about this virus, it is unlikely that you will become infected with SARS-CoV-2 unless you are in contact with someone who has been confirmed to be infected with the virus.
Let’s pose some myths. Read on to find out how this coronavirus spreads, how it is similar and different from other coronaviruses, and how to prevent it from spreading to others if you think you have this virus.
Information about the new coronavirus is arriving quickly. The accuracy of the following information is subject to change. To stay informed, check here.
What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?
scientists are learning new things about this virus daily. So far, we know that COVID-19 may not cause any symptoms initially.
You can carry the virus for two or even two weeks. Reliable source before noticing symptoms.
Some common symptoms that have been specifically associated with COVID-19 include:
- Shortness of breath
- Cough that gets worse over time
- Low grade fever gradually increases in temperature
- The full list of symptoms is still under review.
What to do if you have symptoms of coronavirus?
If you have COVID-19 or think you have been infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, you should see a doctor.
You have many options for medical care, including for your primary care provider to see them. The CDC recommends that you first contact your service provider so that they can take steps to prepare for your visit and protect others from possible exposure to the virus that reason COVID-19.
- Some healthcare providers also offer virtual tours via your smartphone or laptop, so you won’t need to leave your home for an initial evaluation.
- If you do not have a primary health care provider, you can use this tool to find a local primary care office in your area.
- If you have a medical emergency, call 911. Tell the worker that you have COVID-19 or suspect that you are infected with the virus that causes it. Wear a face mask before emergency medical services arrive, if possible.
COVID-19 against influenza
Coronavirus 2019 is more deadly than seasonal flu.
It is estimated that 0.06 to 0.1 percent is the reliable source for people who contracted the flu during the 2019-2020 influenza season in the United States (in February 2020), compared to about 3 percent a source. who had a confirmed case of COVID-19 in the United States of America.
Here are some common flu symptoms:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Inflammation of the throat
- Body pain
What causes coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses are an animal source. This means that it develops first in animals before growing in humans.
For the virus to pass from an animal to a human, a person must be in close contact with an animal carrying the infection.
Once the virus has evolved in humans, coronaviruses can spread from person to person through respiratory drops. It is a technical name for wet things that move through the air when coughing or sneezing.
Viral material gets blocked in these droplets and can breathe into the respiratory system (windpipe and lungs), where the virus can then cause infection.
Coronavirus 2019 has not been permanently associated with a specific animal.
Researchers believe the virus can be passed from bats to another animal – either snakes or pangolins – and then passed to humans. This change is likely to occur in the open food market in Wuhan, China.
Who’s at increased risk?
You are at high risk of contracting SARS-CoV-2 if you come in contact with someone who wears SARS-CoV-2, especially if you have been exposed to saliva or were near them when they coughed or sneezed.
HAND WASHING IS THE KEY
Washing your hands and disinfecting surfaces can reduce the risk of getting this and other viruses.
Older men seem to be particularly susceptible to the virus. A report released in late January by the World Health Organization (WHO) trusted source found that the median age of people tested positive for this coronavirus was around 45 years and that more than two-thirds of these people were men.
How is coronavirus diagnosed?
COVID-19 can be diagnosed in the same way as other conditions caused by a viral infection: using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample. Currently, in the U.S., 78 local and local public health labs in 50 states can test reliable sources, with the current capacity to test 75,000 people.
The CDC said that different countries will have different capacities and policies, but doctors can call these laboratories to learn how to test their patients.
Talk to your doctor immediately if you think you have COVID-19 or if you notice any symptoms. Your doctor will speak to local public health officials to let them know if a virus test is needed.
The lab technician will take a sample of your blood with a needle or use a cotton swab to take a small sample of saliva or respiratory secretions from your nose or back of your throat.
The sample is then sent to a testing center to confirm the presence of viral material or antibodies that respond to the virus.
What treatments are available?
There is currently no treatment specifically approved for COVID-19 and no treatment for infections is available, although treatments and vaccines are currently being studied. Instead, treatment focuses on managing the symptoms while the virus is running its course.
Seek immediate medical help if you think you have COVID-19. Your doctor will recommend treatment for any symptoms or complications that develop.
Other corona viruses like SARS and Corona virus have vaccines and treatments. Some treatments for these similar viruses include:
Antivirals or retroactive drugs
Support breathing, such as mechanical ventilation
Stimulants to reduce pulmonary swelling
Blood plasma transfusions
What are the possible complications of COVID-19?
The most serious complication of SARS CoV-2 is a type of pneumonia called 2019 coronavirus infection (NCIP).
Results of the 2020 study, a reliable source for 138 people admitted to hospitals in Wuhan, China, with NCIP, found that 26% of those admitted have severe cases and need intensive care treatment.
About 4.3% of those admitted to the intensive care unit died from this type of pneumonia.
To date, NCIP is the only complication specifically associated with the 2019 Corona virus. Researchers have observed the following complications in people who have developed COVID-19:
- acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Irregular heart rate (arrhythmia)
- Cardiovascular shock
- Severe muscle pain (muscle pain).
- Heart damage or heart attack
How to prevent coronavirus?
The best way to prevent the spread of infection is to avoid or limit contact with people who have symptoms of COVID-19 or any respiratory infection.
The 2nd best thing to do is to practice good hygiene to prevent bacteria and viruses from spreading.
- Wash your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds each time with warm, soapy water. How much does 20 seconds cost? About the time it takes to sing your ABC song.
- Do not touch your face, eyes, nose or mouth when your hands are dirty.
- Do not go out if you feel sick or have cold or flu symptoms.
- Keep at least 3 feet of a reliable source away from anyone who coughs or sneezes.
- Cover your mouth on the inside of the elbow when you sneeze or cough. Throw away any tissue you use immediately.
- Clean up all the things you touch a lot. Use disinfectants on things like phones, computers, utensils, cutlery and doorknobs.
Other types of covid-19
The covid-19 gets its name from its appearance under the microscope.
Corona means “crown”, and upon closer examination, the circulating virus has a “crown” of proteins called bumblers that protrude from their center in each direction. These proteins help the virus to determine whether it can infect its host.
A disease known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was also associated with a highly contagious coronavirus in the early 2000s. Since then, the SARS virus has been brought under control and the case has been found to be treated with success.
Covid-19 Vs SARS
It is not the first time that a coronavirus has published news – the 2003 SARS epidemic is also due to the coronavirus.
As with the 2019 virus, the SARS virus was first discovered in animals before spreading to humans.
It is believed that a reliable source of SARS virus came from the bat and was then transferred to another animal and then to humans.
Once transmitted to humans, the SARS virus began to spread rapidly among humans.
What makes the new coronavirus interesting is that no treatment or treatment has been developed to prevent its rapid spread from one person to another. SARS has been brought under control and successfully treated.
What are the outlooks?
First of all, don’t panic. You do not need to wear a mask or quarantine unless you are confirmed positive for SARS-CoV-2.
Following simple hygiene guidelines can prevent you from developing this and other viruses.
The 2019 coronavirus probably looks scary when you read the news about the new deaths, quarantine and the travel ban.
In context, the new coronavirus is much less severe and widespread than the most common and threatening infectious diseases, such as the influenza. Stay calm and follow your doctor’s instructions if you are diagnosed with COVID-19 so that you can recover and prevent its spread.